On any given day, there are approximately 846 sheltered and unsheltered men, women and children living, working and learning in our community.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development defines an individual who is homeless as lacking a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes those who are living in a shelter or a place not fit for human habitation (for example, a bench, the sidewalk, or under a bridge):
- not those staying with family or friends
- not those living in motel
- not those living in crowded or substandard conditions
- Our veterans who have proudly served our country
- Men and women suffering severe mental or physical illness or chronic substance abuse
- Those fleeing domestic violence
- Our citizens returning from jail or prison
- Youth who are LGBT or pregnant, or experiencing abuse
Factors leading to homelessness:
- Unemployment and underemployment
- High housing costs
- Unexpected event (i.e. loss of a job, injury, illness or the loss of a spouse)
- Weak support systems
- Chronic physical/mental health problems
- Adverse Childhood Experiences
Struggles people experiencing homelessness in Greater Richmond face:
- Lack of affordable housing: Fair Market Rent of 2-bdrm apt is $982, need full-time work at $18.92/hour to be affordable.
- Foreclosure: 11.6% experienced foreclosure (2012 data). Of those, 31% of foreclosures occurred in the past two years.
- Poverty: Tend to have incomes between 0-30% of AMI.
- Unemployment: 19.6% are employed. Of those, 37.4% work full-time, 40.2% part-time, & 22.4% do day labor/temp work.
- Other barriers: 69.2% served time in jail and/or prison.